Teenage pregnancyalso known as adolescent pregnancyis pregnancy in a female under the age of Pregnant teenagers face many of the same pregnancy related issues as other women. There are additional concerns for those under the age of 15 as they are less likely to be physically developed to sustain a healthy pregnancy or to give birth.
Industrialized and developing countries have distinctly different rates of teenage pregnancy. In developed regions, such as United States, Canada, Western EuropeAustralia, and New Zealand, teen parents tend to be unmarried and adolescent pregnancy is seen as a social issue. By contrast, teenage parents in developing regions such as AfricaAsiaEastern EuropeLatin Americaand the Pacific Islands in some civilizations are often married, and their pregnancy may be welcomed by family and society.
The teen birth rate in the United States is at a record low, dropping below 18 births per 1, girls and women ages 15 to 19 for the first time since the government began regularly collecting data on this group, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly released data from the National Center for Health Statistics. Inthe birth rate among to year-old girls and women was less than half of what it had been in Despite rapid declines in teen birth rates across all major racial and ethnic groups, disparities persist.
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Inthe teen pregnancy rate reached a new low. It declined by 63 percent from tofrom to 43 pregnancies per 1, females ages 15 to 19—the lowest rate reported since estimates began in Among females younger than 15, there was a 78 percent decline from to from 3.
Rates of teenage pregnancy in the UK have halved in the past two decades and are now at their lowest levels since record-keeping began in the late s. It is a dramatic turnaround: inEngland had one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in western Europe. Last week, the Office for National Statistics released data revealing the fall in the conception rate among females aged 15 to 19 as the standout success story in the public health field: just
Ina total ofbabies were born to women aged 15—19 years, for a birth rate of This is another record low for U. Although reasons for the declines are not totally clear, evidence suggests these declines are due to more teens abstaining from sexual activity, and more teens who are sexually active using birth control than in previous years.
PIP: The US has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in the developed world, and although there is no consensus on the best solution, promising prevention approaches are being offered. A successful approach, which increased contraceptive use among teens and helped reduce adolescent pregnancies, involved a school-based clinic in Minnesota. It provided information about sex and birth control, and referred students to a clinic for contraceptive services. Another effective approach provided a combination of sex education and accessible family planning services in 2 Baltimore schools.
The teen pregnancy rate in the United States declined 25 percent from to The decline can be seen in all states and among all racial and ethnic groups, although some groups experienced greater declines than others. This is great news.
A few weeks ago, I was at my job helping a customer when a young girl caught my attention. She could not have been older than 15, and her belly was too large to be hidden. She was noticeably pregnant, and what struck me as more odd was that she was pushing a stroller with a young infant whose only word seemed to be "mommy," referring to the young girl. I am often alarmed when I see an extremely adolescent girl experiencing motherhood at a time when her main concerns should be far less than those of raising another human being.